What Do Finches Eat? + Do Finches Eat Fruits & Veggies?

What Do Finches Eat? + Do Finches Eat Fruits & Veggies?

Finches, like most birds, are omnivores that eat a variety of food. Omnivore’s diets include different types of seeds, fruits, nectar, insects, worms, fish, and small rodents. So, what do finches eat?

Finches are primarily seed-eaters, and their diet is based on a variety of plant seeds. Besides seeds, depending on the season and availability, insects, berries, fruits, nectar, veggies, and worms form a significant part of their diet throughout the year. Female finch may also eat her eggs for nutrition.

Wow! I never thought tiny finches could consume that variety of food.

However, like most omnivores, they have evolved to survive on both seeds and insects.

Let us further explore to understand what type of food finches eat in the wild.

Finche eating

Food That Finches Eat In The Wild

In the wild, finches forage for seeds on the ground, grass, plants, pinecones, and weeds. Depending on the geographical location, their food habits may vary.

However, most finches are primarily seed-eaters and, with the food scarcity, may resort to eating insects and worms.

Besides seeds, finches also eat aphids, asparagus beetle, caterpillars, Colorado potato beetles, crickets, cucumber beetles, flea beetles, grasshoppers, Japanese beetle, leafhoppers, leaf miners, Mexican bean beetle, moths, spruce budworm, and many more herbivorous insects and arthropods as part of their food.

Female finches may also eat their infertile eggs for nutrition. Some cases may even eat fertile eggs if the breeding conditions are unfavorable or not optimal.

Alright! Finches in the wild have to work hard for their meal. Therefore, at times, they may eat whatever is available. However, in comparison, captive finches have more options, as pet owners try to provide a well-balanced and varied diet essential for their overall development.

Let us now explore further to learn about food that captive finches get on their platter.

Interesting Further Reading:

Food That Finches Eat-In Captivity

Finches in captivity depend entirely on their pet owners for food. As most pet owners try to provide food with nutritional value, their food includes fresh seeds, vegetables, and fruits, depending on the season and availability.

Let us look at the list of food items that you may serve your pet finches.


There are different types of seeds you can feed your pet finches. Finches are mainly seed eaters and like black oil sunflower seeds, canary seeds, flax seeds, hulled sunflower seeds, knotweed, mustard seeds, nijer, rapeseeds, safflower seeds, suet, thistle seeds in their diet.

However, seeds have low nutritional values, and pet owners need to provide them a well-balanced diet.


You can serve your pet finches fruits. Please make sure the fruits are fresh, organic, and washed before putting in your bird’s platter.

List of fruits you can feed finches:

  • Apple (remove the seed)
  • Banana
  • Blueberries
  • Grapes
  • Mango
  • Melon
  • Nectarines (remove the pits)
  • Papaya
  • Peach (remove the pits)
  • Pear (remove the seed)
  • Raspberries
  • Strawberries


It will be great to add greens in small quantities to your pet finch’s diet. It adds variety and provides the necessary nutrition.

Following is the list of greens that can be fed to your finches:

  • Chickweed
  • Cilantro
  • Collard greens
  • Dandelion
  • Mustard Cress
  • Nasturtium
  • Parsley
  • Spinach
  • Spring greens


You can serve veggies to your pet finches. Please make sure the fruits are fresh, organic, and washed before they are served.

Following is the list of vegetables that can be fed to your finches:

  • Beets
  • Bell peppers
  • Broccoli
  • Cabbage
  • Carrot
  • Corn
  • Peas
  • Pumpkin
  • Sweet potato
  • Squash (all types)
  • Tomatoes (only ripe)
  • Zucchini


You may include eggs in your pet finch’s meal once a week. Eggs will provide the necessary vitamins and minerals required for the tiny bird. You can mash the hard-boiled egg, add shells after grinding for more calcium, mix it well and serve your pet bird.

Dried fruit

It may be great to add dried fruits like currants, raisins, and sultanas. Unlike fruits and veggies, dried fruits are not easily perishable. Be careful that you buy organic stuff without any preservatives.


Your pet finches will love eating live mealworms. You can find them easily, as commercially they are sold in a semi-dormant state and available throughout the year.

Pet owners can breed mealworms at home to satiate your pet bird’s requirements.

Wax Worms

Waxworms are the larva of wax moths. It is a great option to feed young chicks, as they are soft, pulpy, and effortlessly digestible.

They may have low nutritional value but are an option as they are readily available.

Alright! Pet owners have a lot of options to choose from for their pet finches. Most of the food items are readily available throughout the year.

Recommended Further Reading:

Related Questions