Do Finches Eat Insects? + What Do Finches Like To Eat?

Do Finches Eat Insects? + What Do Finches Like To Eat?

Birds are classified as herbivores, carnivores, and omnivores. Birds that are herbivores live on seeds, fruits, and nectar.

Then some carnivores kill and eat rodents, small mammals, and other birds. But most birds are omnivores, with diets including seeds, fruits, nectar, insects, worms, fish, and small rodents.

So, are you wondering under which category do your pet finches fall?

Yes. Finches eat insects. Being an omnivore, besides insects, the adult finch’s diet includes a variety of seeds, fruits, berries, nectar, and worms. However, while raising chicks, parent finches begin with feeding insects and worms to their hatchlings, as they are unable to digest seeds at first.

Okay! Now you know that finches are omnivorous birds and eat various seeds, fruits, berries, and insects.

Let us explore to find what are the different kinds of insects that finches like to devour in their meal.

What do finches eat

What Kind Of Insects Do Finches Eat?

Finches eat a variety of insects and worms as food. Finches living outdoors forage for food around residential yards and eating insects and worms help keep the pest population in control.

Typically, finches eat small insects and worms. So, aphids, asparagus beetle, caterpillars, Colorado potato beetles, crickets, cucumber beetles, flea beetles, grasshoppers, Japanese beetle, leafhoppers, leaf miners, Mexican bean beetle, moths, spruce budworm, and many more herbivorous insects and arthropods are part of finch’s diet.

Now that you know the list of insects that form part of the finch’s diet. You must also remember that a well-balanced and varied diet will help in overall growth and development.

Let us learn how to maintain a well-balanced diet or how often you should feed your finches.

How Often Should I Feed My Finches?

Finches in captivity are entirely dependent on pet owners for their dietary requirements. Hatchlings do not start eating immediately after birth.

Young ones begin by utilizing the yolk sac for nourishment, which will feed them for a couple of days. After which, parent finches will start feeding their babies to speed up their growth.

Let us understand the nutritional requirements of finches during various stages.

Hatching Diet: The hatching stage lasts for about a week. In this stage, you may follow a feeding pattern of 5 – 6 feedings per day. It may be feeding the young ones every 3 to 4 hours. Refill your feeder cup with a variety of worms, insects, and other bird food. You may begin with small insects as they provide high nutritional value; also, worms are easy to digest. Seeds may be difficult for the hatchlings to digest at first.

Nesting Diet: This stage begins from week two and may last till the end of week 3. You may continue to refill their feeders with seeds, insects, and worms. During this stage, feed babies every 3 – 5 feedings per day, i.e., every 5 hours.

Fledgling Diet: This stage may start after three to four weeks after hatching. Babies start to develop wing muscles, and also flight feathers begin to grow. In this stage, the baby finches need 2 – 3 feedings per day, i.e., every 6 hours. You may add a variety like buds, nectar to their food supply, depending on the availability.

Juvenile Diet: This stage starts between four to 5 weeks old. Baby finches are now capable of eating on their own. You may add vegetables, fruits, and berries to their diet. During this stage, the juveniles may need 2 – 3 feedings per day, i.e., every 6 hours.

Adult Diet: At 3 to 4 months old, finches move into the adult stage. You must feed every finch in your aviary about 1.5 to 2 teaspoons of seed every day. Fruits and vegetables must make about 20 to 25% of their diet. You may add pellets, which have been developed to meet your bird’s nutritional needs and are readily available throughout the year.

Okay! Now you know how to feed your pet finches at various stages of their life. Let us also understand what food you should feed your finches or what do finches like to eat.

What Do Finches Like To Eat?

In the wild, finches forage across the forest, searching for seeds, fruits, nectar, and berries. They also eat spiders, insects, and worms.

This variation in their diet provides them with the well-balanced nutrition required for maintaining good health and development.

Finches in captivity depend entirely on their pet owners. You must feed them with fresh seeds, vegetables, and fruits, depending on the season and availability. Let us have a look at a list of food items that are suitable for your pet bird.

Fruits: The below list of fruits is suitable for your pet finches. Ensure they are unprocessed, fresh and wash them before serving.

Apple (remove the seed) Banana Blueberries
Grapes Mango Melon
Nectarines (remove the pits) Papaya Papaya (remove the pits)
Pear (remove the seed) Raspberries Strawberries

Greens: The below list of greens are suitable for your pet finches, but you must serve them in small quantities.

Chickweed Cilantro Collard greens
Dandelion Mustard Cress Nasturtium
Parsley Spinach Spring greens

Vegetables: The below list of vegetables is suitable for your pet finches. Again, you must ensure they are organic and fresh.

Beets Bell peppers Broccoli
Cabbage Carrot Corn
Peas Pumpkin Sweet potato
Squash (all types) Tomatoes (only ripe) Zucchini
  • Dried fruit: You may serve your finches of dried fruits like currants, raisins, and sultanas. They have a particular advantage as they are not easily perishable, unlike fruits and vegetables. Pet owners need to look out for dried fruits that are organic, without color, and preservatives.
  • Mealworms: Finches also relish live food in the form of mealworms. Commercially they are sold in containers in a semi-dormant state. Mealworms are natural food for finches, are available throughout the year, and you can breed them at home to fulfill your pet finch’s diet requirement.
  • Wax Worms: It is another food option; you may opt for feeding pet finches. Just like mealworms, wax worms, a larva of wax moths are readily available. They have lower nutritional value but can be used to feed young chicks, as they are soft, pulpy, and easy to digest.

Great! Now you know what finches like to eat in their meal, and by maintaining the right balance, you can provide them food with high nutritional value. Let us also look at the other side, i.e., food that you must never feed your finches.

What Should You Avoid Feeding Your Finches?

Just like humans, certain food items are unsuitable for your pet finches. There may be various reasons, like some food can be toxic, some may upset their stomach, and others may have little to absolutely no nutritional value.

Kindly avoid the following list of food for the reasons mentioned above.

Acorns (toxic) Alcohol (junk) Aubergine (some parts are toxic)
Avocado (toxic) Beans (toxic) Caffeine (junk)
Chocolate (junk) Confectionary (junk) Citrus fruits (digestive issues)
Garlic (toxic) Lettuce (low in nutrition) Mushrooms (digestive issues)
Nettle Onions (toxic) Peanuts (toxic if eaten raw)
Potato (toxic if eaten raw) Rhubarb (toxic) Sweet pea (seeds and fruit)

Alright! So, now you know about the food that is unsafe or unsuitable for your pet finches. Therefore, it is best to keep them away from your bird’s platter.

Recommended Further Reading:

Points To Remember

Finches are omnivores, and their diet includes a variety of seeds, fruits, berries, nectar, greens, vegetables, insects, and worms.

Finches eat small insects and worms. So, beetles, caterpillars, crickets, grasshoppers, moths, and many more herbivorous insects and arthropods are part of their diet.

Finches in captivity depend on pet owners for their food requirements. Pet owners need to be careful about their diet at various stages of their life cycle.

Finally, feed what is suitable to them, keep their platter away from toxic junk food, as they have no nutritional value, and create digestive issues for your pet bird.

Scroll to Top