10 Types Of Pigeon Breeds You Must Know

types of pigeon breeds

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How many species of pigeon are there?

Some call them “The Bird of Peace” or the “The Messenger”, or “Rats with Wings”.

But Pigeons are one of the most common birds found living among Human habitats. Pigeons belong to the bird family Columbidae.

There are hundreds of pigeon breeds. Some are the commonly seen domestic types and some are wild. Let’s look at some of the most common, from the most beautiful to the most bizarre pigeons.

Feral Pigeons:

This is the most commonly found, blue and greyish toned pigeon found around civilized human communities and buildings. They have adapted to living around us, at times considered friendly and at times a nuisance.

King Pigeons:

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King pigeons are larger than most types of pigeons and are usually bred for food. They are pure white in color and possess pink beaks. They’ve tamed enough to be accustomed to human contact, so much so that if left in the wild, they will not survive.


Racing pigeons:

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Similar to the wild feral pigeons, these have a bluish to greyish tone to their feathers. They are strong flyers and very good at homing. They’ve been used for ages in many cultures for racing events. They were also used for delivering messages in certain cultures.

Fancy pigeons:

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Humans have a tendency to customize things to their preference, whether business or leisure. Unfortunately, it doesn’t stop at just things, even the creatures that they share the earth with are bred to suit their needs.

Fancy pigeons are one of those creatures. Some are kept by hobbyists for showing off at events, or as pets, or by collectors. Some of the most bizarre species are hybrids

Here are some examples:

  • Brunner pouter pigeon – The collectors say that the best specimen should appear like a ball of feathers on a stick. Brunner pouters are known for their round inflated chest area and are sold based on how round it is.
  • Ice pigeon – Called so because of the color of its feathers, the Ice pigeon has whitish dust on it, somehow and sports some of the longest feat feathers ever known.
  • Barb Pigeon – The barb pigeon has some unusual features, but is a favorite among collectors, for the very reason. It takes a couple of years for its eyes and beak to form a fleshy ring around them that almost looks like a flower.
  • The Jacobin – Named after the Jacobin monks out of Cyprus, the Jacobin has a hood of feathers that resemble the hood worn by the monks.
  • Florentine – The Florentine is also known as the hen-pigeon, as it resembles a hen. This strikingly large bird and is found to have darker shaded feathers than other types.


For Further Reading

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